Karachi is the country’s largest city, principal seaport and a major commercial and industrial centre.
The city has been variously called Caranjee, Crochey, Krotchey, Currachee, and Kurrachee. All its names are believed to be derived from the Sindhi name of the original settlement that initially stood on the spot—Kalachi-Jo-goth (meaning the village of Kalachi—the name of the chief of the tribe). Although Karachi lost its crown as Pakistan’s capital to more modern Islamabad and the country’s cultural elite look towards Lahore, Karachi is the undisputed heart of the nation’s economy. A true world mega city, greater Karachi is spread over an ever expanding 3500 km². As the saying goes, if you want to make it anywhere then you have to head for Karachi.
As a result, Karachi is one of the most diverse and cosmopolitan cities in Pakistan, with ethnic Sindhis matched by large numbers of Punjabis, Pashtuns and other nationalities. Karachi also has significant Christian and Hindu communities, and is a centre for Zoroastrianism.