Gurdwara Nankana Sahib
The city of Nankana Sahib is the capital of Nankana Sahib District in the Punjab province of Pakistan.
Named after the first guru of the Sikhs, Guru Nanak, who was born in the city and first began preaching here, Nankana Sahib is a city of great historic and religious value for Sikhs and is a popular pilgrimage site for Sikhs from all over the world.
The township was founded by Rai Bhoi and thus was known as Rai-Bhoi-Di-Talwandi. His great grandson Rai Bular then renamed it as ‘Nankana Sahib’ after the birth of Guru Nanak. The Gurdwara Nankana Sahib, originally constructed in around 1600 CE was renovated in the years 1819 to 1820 during the Akali movement. On 20th February 1921, Narain Das, the Udasi mahant (clergy) of the gurdwara at Nankana Sahib, ordered his men to shoot Akali protesters, leading to the Nankana massacre. The firing was widely condemned, and an agitation was launched until the control of this historic Janam Asthan Gurdwara was restored to the Sikhs. Again in the 1930’s and 40’s the Sikhs constructed more buildings, further diversifying the city’s architectural design.